Arthritis is the inflammation occurring in one or more joints in the body.  The word arthritis comes from the Greek word “arthron’ meaning “joint” and the Latin word “itis” meaning “inflammation”. This disease affects the musculoskeletal system or the joints. Arthritis is the main cause of disability in people over 55 years of age. Arthritis affects people in different ways.  The effect may change according to the type of arthritis and how long the patient is affected by arthritis. Patients suffer from pain in the joints, stiffness of the joints, discomfort and fatigue.

The Cause Of Arthritis

To understand the cause of the arthritis it is necessary to know about the structure of the joints.

  • In human body, one bone moves over the other in joints.
  • The ligaments are responsible for holding the bones.
  • These ligaments work like elastic bands and help keep the bones in position.
  • The muscles relax and contract to make the joint move.
  • To prevent the two bone surfaces from rubbing with each other there are cartilage covers.
  • The cartilage cover helps the joints to work smoothly and without pain.
  • The joint is covered by a capsule and it contains synovial fluid which nourishes the cartilage.

When you have arthritis some changes occur in these joints depending on the type of arthritis that has affected you. The cartilage might wear away, the synovial fluid will be lacking, or your body starts attacking itself (autoimmunity).

Types Of Arthritis

As said earlier there are different varieties of arthritis and the most commonly found are


In this type of arthritis the cartilage loses the elasticity and it gets damaged. The cartilage is the shock absorber in the joints. When it wears away the tendons and ligaments attached to the bones get stretched causing pain in the joints. Later the bones start to rub over each other causing severe pain

Rheumatoid Arthritis

In this arthritis inflammation of the joints occurs as the synovial membrane is damaged. If untreated this type of arthritis can lead to deformities.  This type of arthritis is most common in women and affects the patient when they are 40-60 years of age. In some cases children as well as older people are also affected by it. The patients have a higher risk of blood clots.

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

This affects children aged 16 or below.  There are different types of juvenile arthritis. The important ones are
• Pauciarticular
• Polyarticular
• Systemic JRA

Infectious Arthritis

This is caused by the infection of the tissues and synovial fluid of the joints. People who are already having some form of arthritis are more susceptible to infectious arthritis.

The Symptoms Of Different Types Of Arthritis

Each type of arthritis has different symptoms. The main symptoms of the some of the most common arthritis are given below


In this type the symptoms appear slowly and gets worse as the time goes by. The main symptoms include

  • Pain in the joints during or after the use of the joints
  • Pain in the joints after a period of inactivity
  • Tenderness of the joints
  • Stiffness of joints especially in early morning
  • Difficulty in using the joints due to lost flexibility
  • Presence of hard lumps or bone spurs
  • Commonly affected joints are hands, knees, hips, spine

Rheumatoid Arthritis

The symptoms appear in smaller joints at first and then spread to the larger joints as the arthritis progresses.

  • Problems in several joints at the same time
  • Some joints on each side of the body becomes  swollen and painful
  • Pain and stiffness worst on waking up in the morning and lasts for at least 30 minutes
  • Joints are red and puffy
  • Presence of  rheumatoid nodules under the skin of arms
  • Tiredness
  • Weight loss
  • Commonly affected parts are arms, legs, wrists and fingers
  • It can spread to elbows, knees, hip, neck, shoulders, jaw etc

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

The patient will be a child and the common symptoms include

  • Blotchy rashes on the arms and legs
  • The child may limp or have a sore wrist, knee or finger
  • Intermittent fever which peaks in the evening and suddenly disappear
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Anemia
  • Sudden swellings in some joints
  • Stiff neck, hip or other joints

Infectious Arthritis

This is caused by bacteria, viruses or fungal infections which spread to the joint through the blood stream from the infected tissues

  • Fever along with inflammation and swelling of joints
  • Tenderness and sharp pain in the joints
  • Only one joint is affected
  • Commonly affected areas are shoulder, knee, wrist, elbow, finger

How To Live With Arthritis?

As there is no complete cure for arthritis the person should learn how to live with arthritis. The diseases can make the daily tasks difficult for the patient.  There are many home remedies for arthritis. These remedies help you to control the symptoms and lead a quality life. Following a sedentary lifestyle will increase the difficulties. Following the home remedies will help you to reduce the overall effect of the arthritis. Physical therapy and occupational therapy will be effective in people with severe arthritis who finds it difficult to move the joints. Both movements and rest are important for arthritis patients.

Simple Home Remedies For Arthritis

Here are some of the home remedies for arthritis which will help you to relieve the pain and discomfort associated with the disease and helps you to be more active.

Weight Loss

This is one of the best home remedies for reducing the symptoms of arthritis. Reducing your weight will reduce the strain on your weight bearing joints and this will help in increasing your mobility and in preventing future damages to your joints. For every pound you reduce there will be 4 pounds less pressure on your knee. According to Roy Altman, MD, a rheumatologist and professor of medicine at the University of California the symptoms of arthritis in some people disappear if they lose 10- 20 pounds.


Physical activity is a must for people with arthritis. You can opt for the activity according to your age and severity of the problem. If you are an old person, you can opt for walking at a moderate pace and if you are younger and in better shape can opt for swimming.  Exercises can keep your joints more flexible. Swimming and water aerobics are the best option as the buoyancy of the water helps it easy to exercise in water. Water reduces the stress on the joints while swimming.

Apply Heat And Cold

• Applying heat provides significant relief from pain. You can use any source of heat such as heating pads, hot packs or electric blankets. Apply heat to the affected areas for at least 20 minutes to reduce pain. Taking a hot shower also improves mobility of the joints.
• When your joints have inflammation due to arthritis try cold treatments. Wrap the ice in a towel and press it onto the sore joints.  You can also give hot and cold compression alternatively.

Wear Gloves

If you have stiff and swollen fingers and wrist in the morning, it is better to wear a snug fitting pair of gloves before you go to sleep.  This will reduce the swelling and pain in the morning.

Eat Fish With Omega 3 Fatty Acids

Many cold water fish like salmon contains omega 3 fatty acids. It has been found that this fatty acid can reduce the pain and stiffness in arthritis patients.  They are capable of reducing inflammations in the body.  You can also opt for omega 3 supplements in the capsule form. The daily recommended dose is 2,000 milligrams three times a day.

Flax Seed Oil

Flax seed oil also contains omega 3 fatty acids. So, if you do not like fish you can take one tablespoon of this oil every day. You can consume it as such or you can add it to your salads.

Rubbing Oils

There are many herbal oils which provide relief from the arthritis pain.

  • Oil of wintergreen- take a few drops of the oil and rub it on the skin in the affected areas. If you are allergic to wintergreen oil there are other options.
  • Eucalyptus oil- applying this oil to the joints also reduces the inflammations.  Do not use these oils when using heating pads or hot compress.  Additional heat can cause skin irritation.
  • Ayurvedic oils- there are many Ayurvedic oils which claim to reduce pain and swellings in the joint. You can apply them for some time and wash it off with hot water to get relief from pain.
  • Olive oil- the special compound present in olive oil called oleocanthal helps in preventing pro-inflammatory enzymes.  Olive oil can be used for cooking or can be applied to the joints.  It reduces the pain and inflammation resulted by arthritis.


This is one of the most effective home remedies for arthritis. Ginger has the ability to improve the blood circulation. The increased blood flow removes the chemicals causing inflammations from the painful joints. Consume half-a teaspoon of powdered ginger or 30 grams of fresh ginger once a day. You will be relieved from the pain.

Pomegranate Juice

Pomegranate has anti- oxidant and anti-inflammatory powers. They help you by protecting and maintaining the cartilage. Take at least one glass of pomegranate juice daily.

Antioxidant Rich Foods

It has been found that antioxidant rich foods reduce the pain and deformities caused by arthritis.  The free radicals present in our body attack the healthy cells including cartilage and sabotage the ability of the cartilage to repair themselves. Having antioxidant rich foods along with food rich in vitamin C relieves the osteoarthritis pain.


It is necessary to have diets rich in calcium which helps to maintain and strengthen the bones. Milk, yoghurt, shellfish, cheese etc are a good source of calcium. You can also take calcium supplements when you are over 40 years of age to protect your bones and muscles.

Epsom salt

soaking the hands in warm water mixed with Epsom salt reduces the stiffness and inflammation and give relief from muscle cramps and pain.

Probiotic Foods

The bacteria present in our gut protect our immune system.  Probiotic foods will improve the useful bacteria in the body and this will help you get protection from autoimmune diseases including rheumatoid arthritis.


Pineapple contains a protein-digesting enzyme called Bromelain, which helps in reducing inflammation. It is better to consume pineapple in between your meals and not along with your meal. When you eat it with your meal, the enzyme will be used to digest the food. Use only, fresh pineapple or pineapple juice. Do not use the canned ones as they contain preservatives which may not be good for arthritis.

Green Tea

The compound called quercetin present in green tea prevents or eases the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.  Studies have shown that women who had at least 3 cups of green tea every day had 60 % less chances to develop arthritis than women who didn’t drink any.

Assistive Devices

There devices such as shoe inserts, splints, canes, walkers and raised seats helps to redistribute your weight and reduces the stress on your arthritic joint. This will be very helpful for the patient to move or to do the daily tasks.  This will also help the arthritis from getting worse later.






Flax Oil capsules are a rich source of essential fatty acids, containing Alpha Linolenic Acid (ALA), Linoleic Acid (LA), Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids with natural Vitamin E. These serve as potent antioxidants and as building blocks for the development of retinal and brain cells and helps improve memory and concentration.
Flax Oil also helps maintain a healthy cholesterol level, strengthens the cell membranes and detoxifies the body for overall general well being.
Flaxseed is the seed from the plant Linum usitatissimum. Oil from the seed is used to make medicine.


People try flaxseed oil for many different conditions, including rheumatoid arthritisand high cholesterol. It is also tried for treating osteoarthritis, anxiety, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), vaginal infections, dry eyes, “hardening of the arteries” (atherosclerosis), high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).


Some people use flaxseed oil as a laxative for constipation, for weight loss, and to prevent breast cancer and prostate cancer.


Flaxseed oil is also applied to the skin to sooth irritations or soften roughness.
Flaxseed oil also helps to:
• Reduce the risk of cancer.
• Aid in the growth of healthy hair and nails.
• Promote healthy skin.
• Reduce menopause symptoms.
• Play a role in burning body fat.


How does it work?
Flaxseed oil is a source of polyunsaturated fatty acids such as alpha-linolenic acid. The alpha-linolenic acid and related chemicals in flaxseed oil seem to decrease inflammation. That is why flaxseed oil is thought to be useful for rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory (swelling) diseases.


Flaxseed Oil Benefits For Women – Main Key Benefits
There are several flaxseed oil benefits for women. It appears that this is especially true for ladies going through the menopause. Flax contains a number of lignans in their seeds. This helps women who are lacking in estrogen. Lignans are a collective term for a group of chemical compounds found in many plants.
Close friends of my daughter recommended she take flaxseed oil during her pregnancy. The oil contains folate which helps with good fetus development. Folate is better known to many as folic acid. It is popular to help with heart and different nerve developments of the fetus.
For ladies specifically, research has shown, that flax oil may help with the reduction of breast cancer risk. It may also help with regulation of periods. In addition it may ease Pre Menstrual Tension. It also helps with a general strengthening of the bones.
Breast cancer is something all ladies have a natural fear of and that is quite natural. It would be ridiculous to make any claims that this would be a cure for that. It would also be highly misleading.


There is evidence and research available that states that lignan in flaxseed helps. It helps lower the levels of estrogen in your body. In summary, on the many health forums throughout the Internet, women
expressed different benefits of flaxseed oil for women. In most cases, these appeared to be as a result of taking the oil to ensure a good Omega 3 intake.


Just look at this list of facts and studies of what Flax Seed Oil can and may accomplish:


• Flaxseed — but not flaxseed oil — contains a group of chemicals called lignans that may play a role in the prevention of cancer. Research shows low incidence of breast cancer and colon cancer in populations that have high amounts of lignan in their diet. Flax is 100 times richer in lignan than most whole grains. However, in one Canadian Study, researchers discovered that flaxseed oil prevented breast tumor growth, likely through ALA content.
• Studies show that Omega-3 fatty acids help lower cholesterol and blood triglycerides, and prevent clots in arteries, which may result in strokes, heart attacks and thromboses.
• Evidence suggests that people who eat an ALA rich diet are less likely to suffer a fatal heart attack. ALA may reduce heart disease risks through a variety of ways, including making platelets less “sticky,” reducing inflammation, promoting blood vessel health, and reducing risk of arrhythmia (irregular heart beat).
• Preliminary evidence that suggests taking 1 – 2 g of flaxseed per day can improve the symptoms of dry eye in people with Sjogren’s syndrome. Sjogren’s syndrome is an autoimmune condition where the immune system attacks glands in the body that produce moisture, like salivary and tear glands.
• Flaxseed oil also helps protect the body against high blood pressure, inflammation, water retention, sticky platelets and lowered immune function.
• It shortens recovery time for fatigued muscles after exertion.
• It increases the body’s production of energy and also increases stamina.
• It accelerates the healing of sprains and bruises.
• It eases weight loss in people afflicted with obesity.
• It stimulates brown fat cells and increases the metabolic rate making it easier to burn off fat.
• Flax seed oil improves the absorption of Calcium.
• Flax seed oil strengthens finger and toenails.
• It can improve eyesight and perception of colors.
• It can often improve the function of the liver.
• It can relieve the side effects and stop development of many forms of cancer.
• It can relieve some cases of Asthma.
• It is helpful in the treatment of Eczema, Psoriasis, and Dandruff.
• It can relieve the symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis.
• It can relieve the symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus.
• It can alleviate some allergies.
• It helps prevent Atherosclerosis (the accumulation of fatty deposits inside the blood vessels, especially the large and medium-sized arteries, that many people experience during the aging process).
• Flax seed oil lowers high blood pressure in Hypertension sufferers.
• Flax seed oil has been scientifically proven to treat some cases of depression.
• It can improve the mental function of many old age pensioners.
• It can help in the treatment of Multiple Sclerosis.
• It has been proven to improve the behavior of Schizophrenics.
• It can relieve some cases of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) in females.
• And others.


The dietary essential fatty acids common to Flax Seed Oil are converted by the body to Prostaglandin’s (a hormone like substance) which are important for regulating the following:


• Steroid production and hormone synthesis, pressure in joints, blood vessels and the eye, blood clotting
• ability, water retention, inflammation pain, nerve transmission.


Unfortunately, our current diets do not come close to meeting our daily EFA (essential fatty acids) requirements. The richest sources of EFAs such as flax seeds, cold-water fish, and soy and canola oils are rarely found in our regular meals. In addition, more typical foods like red meats and egg yolks can actually encourage the body’s production of bad prostaglandins. Flax Seed oil can help restore the body’s natural balance of good and bad prostaglandins.