Water is the life of living beings, their existence depends on water; therefore water should be given to the thirsty in whatever state he may be. Water is one of the most important constituents of our body. It maintains the temperature and keeps our body healthy. Understanding these facts ancient Indians presented the techniques of using water internally and externally.


Water is the life of living beings, their existence depends on water; therefore water should be given to the thirsty in whatever state he may be. Water is one of the most important constituents of our body. It maintains the temperature and keeps our body healthy. Understanding these facts ancient Indians presented the techniques of using water internally and externally.

Effects of Cold Application
Cold water application for a few minutes has a tonic effect. By applying cold water, the small blood vessels in the skin contract during immersion and open up afterwards, resulting in a noticeable warm feeling as the vessels dilate.

Cold water taken early in the morning in empty stomach, stimulates the heart, stomach, liver and gastrointestinal track. It is a natural laxative and cures constipation. When taken early in the morning and at bedtime, it helps to regulate stools, urine and perspiration and thus eliminates the toxins. It is useful in obesity, chronic constipation, rheumatism, fever, biliousness and gastric problems.

Effects of Hot Application
Hot water works in the opposite way, initially it attracts the blood to the skin and stimulates the sweat glands, after which the blood cools.

Hot water is a stringent and a safe painkiller. It removes pain by eliminating the toxins from the body. It helps in flatulence, bilious troubles, coughs, dysentery, diarrhea, vomiting, suppression of urine and cramps etc.

Methods of application:

1. Externally-body packs, baths

2. Internally-drinking water/enema

External application methods:

Body Packs
These are cloths soaked in water of an appropriate temperature and applied to skin. Body packs are useful in many chronic disorders, where a stimulation of the eliminative functions of the skin is desired. Three cloths are needed for a pack. The wet cloth is laid over the skin, a larger linen cloth that is laid over it and a larger woolen blanket on the outside.
The Head Pack: It is useful in headache caused by nervous exhaustion and anemia. It is also useful for rheumatic and neuralgic pain in the head.

The Throat Pack: It is useful in infections of throat and also in coughs, loss of voice, croup enlarged, tonsils, diphtheria etc. The throat pack must be accompanied with bandages of the legs or calves, or even of abdomen to withdraw blood from congested parts.

The Arm Packs: They are useful in reducing the inflammation of the heart or lungs.

The Hand Pack: It is useful in headache, pains in eyes, toothaches etc. In obstinate cases both head-pack and hand packs are necessary.

The Trunk Pack: It is used for dispersing the accumulated gases in the stomach and abdomen. This pack expels the accumulated gases and helps to relieve colic caused by it.

The Leg Pack: During leg pack one should cover both the legs up to thighs but the feet are to be kept open. It is useful in congestion of the head, giddiness, headache, fainting fits and infections of throat, lungs and heart. It is useful for varicose veins, rheumatism and gout.


Shower Bath: It is taken from the top where shower is fixed. It stimulates the circulation and has a great tonic effect. Normal water should be used while taking bath. Bathing with cold water makes body strong and disease resistive.

Face Bath: This bath can be taken by dipping the face in a small wash tub filled with cold water. After dipping slowly rub the whole face with both hands and slowly dip the face in cold water several times. It will make the complexion bright and lustrous.

Sponge Bath: It is useful in fever and debilitating diseases when the patient is unable to take bath. This bath can be taken on the bed itself.
The Arm and Hand Bath: It can be taken by dipping these parts in hot and cold water alternately, 5 minutes in hot water and 1 minute in cold water. Then dry the parts with towel and massage them slowly for 10 minutes. It will tone up the joints and muscles.

The Half Bath: This bath is taken by sitting in a leaning posture in a tub 6 feet long, 3 feet wide and 1 foot deep. This bath relieves congestion, objection of the central organ, tones digestive system, muscles and promotes blood circulation in the body. It brings a refreshing sleep.

The Head Bath: The patient should lie down on a plane surface and the back of his head must be placed in broad basin containing cool water. This bath is a good remedy for nervous weakness, spinal weakness, headache, neuralgic pains of the head, ears or face, rheumatism of the scalp, loss of smell or taste. It also promotes flow of the blood to the brain, strengthens hair roots, improves color of the hair, removes dandruff and cleans the scalp by removing waste matter from it.

Neck Bath: It can be taken by pouring fresh cold or hot water on the neck in a thin stream and rubbing the parts gently. It tones neck muscles and is good for neck strain, stiff neck and sprains.

Hip Bath: This bath is very useful in constipation, piles, prolapsus of rectum, palpitation of heart, disorders of liver, spleen, lungs, bladder, kidney and female diseases.

Sitz Bath: This bath is very good for sexual disorders. This bath can be taken by man or woman sitting in a tub filled with cold water and gently washing their sexual organs, without allowing the water to touch any other part of the body. It strengthens sexual organs, prevents emissions and other disorders.

Epsom Salt Bath: It helps in rheumatism and removes uric acid from the blood.

Leg Bath: It can be taken by dipping the legs up to knee in cold or hot water for 20-30 minutes. This bath strengthens the legs and feet.

Water Treading: It means to step up and down in a bathtub filled with cold water. It lasts for 2-4 minutes. The reaction is a pleasant warm glow in the feet. This is recommended as a strengthening activity and useful in insomnia.

Jet Spray Bath: In this bath a stream of water is thrown with a force on a person from a distance with a water hose or pipe, with a strong jet. This bath is useful in polio, insomnia as it stimulates the nerves and muscular system.

Normal Full Bath: This bath is taken by immersing the whole body in collected water like lake, river or tank for a few minutes. While taking this bath, produce friction by rubbing hands briskly over the whole body and cleaning them properly. This bath is a healthy exercise and it develops resistive power against diseases. It dissolves the morbid matter in the blood and expels it out of the body. It also helps the blood to circulate properly and strengthens the muscles.

Internal application methods:
Drinking Water Therapy:
Water therapy sounds ridiculous, but is one of the most effective therapies. Besides being free from side-effects, this therapy has shown positive results in many incurable diseases. It is very simple and can be practiced by individuals irrespective of age, sex or place. It helps clean the stomach and enables intestines to form new fresh blood known as “Hematopoiesis” that fights against the disease causing organisms. For this therapy pure boiled water must be used. Early in the morning 6 glasses of normal water should be taken in one stretch, before attending any morning chores. Neither eatables nor any beverages like tea, coffee should be taken one year after this. This therapy is helpful in headache, hypertension, obesity, diabetes, arthritis, rheumatism, sinusitis, bronchitis, acidity, gastritis, dysentery, constipation, irregular menstruation, skin problems and other problems related to the stomach.

Enema means injection of fluid into the rectum. It cleans the intestine and helps in eliminating morbid matter from the stomach. It cleans and tones up the digestive system. Regular enema, once a week, tones up the digestive system and increases resistive power.

There are two types of enema generally used:

•  Tube enema

•  Wall enema apparatus